Advancing Tennis: How Technology is Pushing the Boundaries of the Sport

published: May, 15, 2023

by: TC Staff

Over the years, tennis has been evolving at a rapid pace with various advancements in technology. From rackets to court surfaces, technology has been instrumental in changing the face of the sport and pushing it to new heights. In this article, we will explore how technology is advancing tennis and pushing the boundaries of the sport.

Hawkeye Technology

In recent years, the Hawkeye system has become an integral part of professional tennis. This technology, which uses multiple cameras and computer algorithms to track the trajectory of the ball, has revolutionized the sport by providing accurate and unbiased line calls.

The Hawkeye system was first introduced in 2002 and has since undergone several advancements, making it even more precise and efficient. The system uses high-speed cameras positioned around the court to track the ball’s trajectory from multiple angles.

The cameras capture images of the ball and send them to a computer, which then uses complex algorithms to calculate the ball’s trajectory and predict where it would have landed. The system has revolutionized the sport, making it fairer and reducing disputes between players and officials.

Now, before you all get too excited about the amazing Hawkeye technology, you deserve to know what and when will be the next big evolution right?

Starting in 2025, the ATP has declared that it will adopt the Electronic Line Calling Live (ELC Live) technology throughout the entire tour. This advanced technology will cover all the lines on the court, replacing the on-court line judges for “out” calls during matches.

Previously, a combination of ELC Live, ELC Review, and on-court line judges was used during ATP Tour events for the past few seasons. This change will increase accuracy and consistency across tournaments, match courts, and surfaces for players competing in both main draws and qualifying events.

Extensive research conducted by ATP, which included tennis stakeholders and fans, identified accuracy and consistency as the most important factors in assessing different line-calling systems, leading to this decision.

The all-court ELC Live coverage will provide extensive player and ball tracking throughout the entire tour, providing an unprecedented level of data for player-performance analysis and the creation of new statistics in collaboration with Tennis Data Innovations (TDI), in addition to future commercial opportunities.

Wearable Devices in Tennis

Another significant advancement in tennis technology is wearable devices. Players can now wear sensors that track their movement, heart rate, and other vital signs. This information can improve performance, prevent injuries, and optimize training routines. Wearable devices have become increasingly popular among tennis players, with many using them to track their progress and gain insights into their game.

Many brands are trying to be first in the market with these wearable technologies but many of them are still struggling. The Babolat POP for instance is a connected wristband dedicated solely to tennis but was discontinued a few years back for unknown reasons.

Tennis Stringing Machines

The old tennis stringing machines were typically manual machines that relied on mechanical tensioning systems and required significant physical effort to operate. These machines had limited accuracy and consistency which required the stringer to manually adjust the tension of each string during the stringing process. They also required the stringer to manually tie knots and cut the strings to the desired length.

Nowadays, the best tennis stringing machines are typically electronic or computerized machines that offer much greater accuracy, consistency, and convenience. These machines use sensors and motors to control the tension of each string precisely, and can automatically adjust the tension as needed to achieve the desired level. They also often have computerized memory that can store and recall specific tension settings and stringing patterns, making it easier to replicate a string job precisely and consistently.

Some stringing machines now also include automatic knot tying mechanisms, which can tie knots for the player automatically, rather than requiring the stringer to do it manually. This can save time and improve the consistency of the knot tying process

Another technological improvement has been the use of faster and more durable clamps, which hold the strings in place during the stringing process. Some modern clamps can hold the string more securely and with less pressure, which reduces the risk of damaging the string and allows for faster stringing.

Finally, some stringing machines now come with integrated string cutters, which can cut the string to the desired length without requiring the stringer to use a separate tool. This can save time and improve the overall efficiency of the stringing process.

The Impact of AI and VR on Tennis

It’s clear that in today’s interconnected world, technological advancements are constantly evolving and having a major impact. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a significant factor in this development, as it involves creating intelligent machines.

Sustaining strong performance is a crucial goal for tennis players, and achieving this is largely dependent on efficient and effective training. As such, high-quality training is paramount for athletes to maintain their competitive edge and excel on-and-off court.

Indeed, training, maintaining a consistent routine, and having a sound grasp of theoretical fundamentals are crucial in tennis. With the rapidly advancing world of technology, the tennis world is also evolving and integrating AI tools such as virtual reality and data analysis to improve performance.

Over the past years, the benefits of AI on tennis players regarding learning and development have proven to be extremely efficient yet there are still some risks that need to be reduced.

Tennis players are now using virtual reality (VR) to practice their skills in a simulated environment. They can visualize different scenarios and practice their reactions to various situations. This technology is particularly useful for players who are recovering from injuries or those who want to improve their mental game.

Sense Arena is probably one of the best VR technology at the moment. It has been tested by many current and former tennis players such as Jack Sock, Martina Navratilova, Jennifer Brady, etc.

This technology allows players to focus on break point returns, approach shots, and easy volleys, and train their concentration to win more matches. It also allows tennis players to anticipate and be one second ahead of the competition. It helps read the server’s toss and predict where your opponent is going. Lastly, it can really improve reactivity due to the unlimited match speed scenarios coming at you.

Smart Court Devices in Tennis

Another technological advancement in tennis is the development of smart courts. Smart courts are equipped with sensors that measure various aspects of the game, such as the speed of the ball, the angle of the shot, and the amount of spin.

This information can be used to provide real-time feedback to players and coaches, allowing them to make adjustments during the match. Smart courts are also useful for training purposes, as they can provide detailed insights into a player’s performance.

One of the most known smart court equipment technology on the market is Playsight. It is a portable and fixed-connected camera video platform. They have proven their technology to the world for a few years and have their product compatible with 15+ sports.

It is one of the latest innovations in sports AI and machine learning. The Playsight device provides multiple features such as full HD video recording, tracking of live action, instant video replay, and live streaming of all practices and matches, transforming a regular court into a SmartCourt.

How Tennis Ball Machines Evolved Over Time?

Tennis ball machines have been a staple of tennis practice for decades, but recent technological advancements have made them even more efficient. These machines have become increasingly popular among players of all skill levels, as they offer a unique and effective way to improve their game. Let’s see how they are changing the way players train:

One of the most significant advancements in tennis ball machines is the use of digital technology. The best tennis ball machines now feature digital displays that allow players to control the speed, spin, and trajectory of the ball with greater precision. This has made it easier for players to simulate different types of shots, such as topspin, slice, and flat shots, which is essential for practicing against a variety of opponents.

Another significant advancement in tennis ball machines is the use of remote controls. Many machines now come with remote controls that allow players to adjust the settings without having to stop playing. This is particularly handy for players who are training alone or who want to work on their footwork and movement while practicing.

The introduction of programmable machines is another significant advancement in tennis ball technology. These machines can store multiple pre-programmed drills and can be set to simulate specific game situations. For example, a player can program a machine to simulate a cross-court rally, or a high lob shot, allowing them to practice their responses to these scenarios.

One more remarkable advancement in tennis ball machines is the use of oscillation technology. This technology allows the machine to automatically change the direction of the ball, simulating the randomness of a real game. This is beneficial for players who want to improve their reaction time and footwork, as they are forced to move quickly and adjust to changing situations.

The introduction of wireless connectivity is also changing the way players use tennis ball machines. Many machines now come with built-in Bluetooth or Wi-Fi connectivity, allowing them to be controlled via a mobile app. This feature is great for players who want to practice specific drills or routines while away from the court. It also allows coaches to monitor their players’ progress and make adjustments to their training program in real-time.

Lastly, the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence is set to revolutionize the way tennis ball machines operate. These technologies can analyze a player’s game and provide personalized feedback and training programs. For example, a machine could analyze a player’s footwork and movement patterns and provide suggestions for improvement based on their performance.

The advancements in tennis ball machine technology are changing the way players train and practice. The use of digital technology, remote controls, programmable machines, oscillation technology, wireless connectivity, and machine learning are making these machines more efficient, versatile, and effective. As technology continues to improve, stay tuned regarding the advancement in the world of tennis ball machines because it is just the beginning.

Tennis Rackets Materials Over Time

Over time, tennis racket materials have undergone significant changes, which have influenced the design and performance of the equipment. Traditional tennis rackets were made from wood, such as ash, maple, or hickory, and were generally heavier and less durable than modern rackets. In the 1970s, metal rackets were introduced, which were much lighter and more powerful than wooden rackets, but their stiff frames caused discomfort and vibration in players’ hands and arms.

In the 1980s, graphite and other composites, such as kevlar and boron, became popular as racket materials, offering players greater control and reduced vibration. Today, tennis rackets are made of a combination of materials, including graphite, carbon fiber, and other composites, with the latest technological advancements aimed at improving power, control, and comfort.

Manufacturers have also focused on developing new racket designs, such as oversized heads, open string patterns, and more aerodynamic shapes, to enhance the player’s performance. Overall, the evolution of tennis racket materials and design has significantly impacted the game, allowing players to hit harder and more accurately while reducing the risk of injury.


In conclusion, technology is playing a big role in advancing tennis and pushing the boundaries of the sport. From Hawkeye to smart devices, virtual reality, etc. technology has revolutionized the way the game is played and watched.

As technology continues to evolve, we can expect to see even more advancements in the world of tennis, making it an even more exciting and engaging sport for players and fans alike.

TC Staff

Bringing you daily updates from the world of tennis.

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